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Title of the work: Les Demoiselles D'Avignon - D'après Pablo Picasso

Technique: oil on canvas

Dimension: 1.50 X 1.50m 

Year: 2015


Title of the work: Les Demoiselles D'Avignon - D'après Pablo Picasso

Technique: iol on canvas

Dimension: 60 X 60 in

Year: 2015


Les Demoiselles d'Avignon é uma releitura da obra do pintor espanhol Pablo Picasso feito em 1907. Levou nove meses to be made, becoming one of the works responsible for revolutionizing the history of art, forming the basis for cubism and abstract painting. It is the mark, therefore, of the beginning of the experiments with the Cubist language. But this revolutionary work was misunderstood even by the painter's friends, as they did not approve of his style, where bodies and backgrounds are transformed into geometric shapes. The first title the picture received was Philosophical Brothel.

Five characters are present in the composition, all of them naked, with their rudimentary chiseled bodies and schematic faces. The scene is inspired by the interior of a brothel on Avignon Street, in the city of Barcelona, a place well known to the painter and his friends. The bodies show irregular and broken lines. They are dissimilar figures, having only nudity in common. Their shapes are defined by contours.

Looking at parts of the composition:

  • In the foreground of the painting is a plate with fruits, also shown in a sensual way, where grapes, apple, pear and watermelon are scattered.
  • In the center, two of the prostitutes stare at the viewer, as if inviting him, provocatively, to delight in their bodies. They are more delicate and realistic than the others.
  • On the right, a prostitute, seated with her back to the viewer, also stares at him, her Cubist head turned back in an unlikely position. His face has a crooked nose and his eyes, of different colors, are completely misaligned. It appears to wear a mask.
  • Above her, a figure, wearing a tribal African mask, is standing, arms outstretched, opening the curtains.
  • The fifth woman stands next to the door, as if inviting people in, containing an open red curtain. She is the most muscular of the five.

The use of masks in the composition demonstrates a clear influence of African art on the painter. The women and background of the composition are made of angular and geometric planes. To strengthen the geometric composition, Picasso used the color blue in some parts of the painting.

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon is one of Picasso's most famous compositions, mainly for showing a different way of portraying reality. It is also one of the best known works of the 20th century. It annoyed Picasso's colleagues and critics, because the artist brought down the entire Western pictorial tradition by reinventing the way of painting. It gave up light and atmosphere in exchange for clarity of form, as well as banishing all that was unreal, undefined, or vague.

Note: Picasso, at first, thought of including two male figures in the composition: a student and a sailor, who ate in the company of the women.

Les Demoiselles D'Avignon

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